|109th Congress: 2005-2006|
Urging the appropriate representative of the United States to the 61st session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights to introduce a resolution calling upon the Government of the Republic of Belarus to cease its human rights violations, and for other purposes.
bill expresses concern that the Government of the Republic of Belarus
has engaged in a pattern of clear, gross, and uncorrected violations of
human rights and fundamental freedoms, noting that Belarusian
authorities restrict in practice the right to freedom of religion and
have increased their harassment of some religious groups. It is the
sense of Congress that the Government of the Republic of Belarus should
cease all human rights
bill expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) the Governments of
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan should
accelerate democratic reforms and fulfill their human rights
obligations; (2) the President, the Secretary of State, and the
Secretary of Defense should continue to raise at the highest levels
with such Governments specific cases of political and religious
persecution and urge greater respect for human rights and democratic
freedoms; and (3) U.S. assistance to such Governments,
The bill presents finding of Congress that cover a wide range of issues but specifically states that more than 13 years after independence, the five countries of Central Asia-Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan-are struggling, to varying degrees, with their transformation from authoritarian rule to democratic societies that fully respect human rights and uphold their freely undertaken commitments as participating States in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE); and that the United States has a unique opportunity to implement short-term policies promoting stability, human dignity and security in the countries of Central Asia. The bill provides a sense of Congress that the United States should support those governments and individuals making substantial and sustained progress to establish democracy, guarantee the rule of law, and protect human rights. The bill authorizes assistance for liberalizing laws affecting religious practice and their enforcement. The act authorizes $15 million for fiscal year 2006 and each subsequent fiscal year for Voice of America and RFE/RL for expanded radio broadcasting to the people of the countries of Central Asia. In order to be eligible for assistance, the President must certify that the countries of Central Asia meet the following criteria: democratization, freedom of expression and the media; freedom of religion, association, and the right of peaceful assembly; prevention of torture; and respect for the rule of law and nondiscrimination. Finally, countries face a 33% reduction in assistance each year that they are not certified by the President.
H. Res. 43-E.U. Arms Embargo on China
H.Res. 608- Condemning Religious Persecution in the People's Republic of China
H. Con. Res. 83-Resolution to End Human Rights Violations
S.Res.91- E.U. Arms Embargo on China
Expressing the concern of the House of Representatives regarding the amount of United States foreign assistance provided to Egypt over the past 25 years without meaningful political reforms by the Government of Egypt, and for other purposes.
A number of the USCIRF's findings and recommendations are included in this resolution. The resolution calls on the Government of Egypt to, among other things, meet its obligations under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; implement procedures that would ensure that all places of worship are afforded equal treatment and protection, and; take all appropriate steps to prevent and punish acts of anti-Semitism, including condemnation of anti-Semitic acts, and, while vigorously protecting freedom of expression, counteract anti-Semitic rhetoric in the government-controlled media and other organized anti-Semitic activities. Additionally, the resolution calls on the United States to offer direct assistance to eligible Egyptian human rights and other civil society groups, which seek to strengthen democratic principles and promote the rule of law, without the prior approval of the Government of Egypt, and; negotiate an agreement with the Government of Egypt to establish a timetable for progress on political and human rights reforms.
The act makes a number of findings, including that officials of the Government of Egypt allow anti-Semitic articles and cartoons to flood the semi-official Egyptian press, and that the Coptic Christian minority of between 6 and 10 million in Egypt is victimized regularly. The act presents a sense of Congress that the amount of United States military assistance that would have been provided for Egypt for a fiscal year should be provided in the form of economic support fund assistance and that such assistance should be in addition to economic support fund assistance already proposed to be provided for Egypt.
H.Res.160-Urging the United States to condemn all violations of religious freedom in India
The resolution expresses a sense of Congress condemning Chief Minister Narendra Modi for condoning or inciting bigotry and intolerance against any religious groups in India, including people of the Christian and Islamic faiths; and urges the United States to condemn violations of religious freedom and to promote and assist other governments in promotion of the fundamental right to freedom of religion. Includes a proviso which reads: "Whereas the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) has confirmed in its May 2004 report that since the political party of Chief Minister Modi took office in 1998, there have been ‘hundreds of attacks on Christian leaders, worshipers, and churches throughout India, including killings, torture, rape and harassment of church staff, destruction of church property, and disruption of church events; Whereas USCIRF has confirmed in its May 2004 report that the state government in Gujarat led by Chief Minister Modi has been widely accused of being reluctant to bring the perpetrators of the killings of Muslims and non-Hindus to justice."
The legislation authorizes the President to provide financial and political assistance to foreign and domestic individuals, organizations and entities that support and promote democracy in Iran. Financial and political assistance may be provided to an individual, organization or entity that officially opposes the use of terrorism; advocates the adherence by Iran to nonproliferation regimes for nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and materiel; is dedicated to democratic values and supports the adoption of democratic reform of government in Iran; is dedicated to respect for human rights, including the fundamental equality of women; works to establish equality of opportunity for people; and supports freedom of the press, freedom of speech, freedom of association and freedom of religion.
H.Con.Res.168-Condemning Human Rights Violations in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
In particular, the resolution expresses concern for Reverend Kim Dong-shik, on the issue of forced abductions and captivity. Additionally, the resolution expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) condemns the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea for the abduction and continued captivity of citizens of the Republic of Korea and Japan as acts of terrorism and gross violations of human rights; (2) calls upon the North Korean Government to immediately cease and desist from carrying out abductions, release all victims of kidnapping and prisoners-of-war still alive in North Korea, and provide a full and verifiable accounting of all other cases; (3) recognizes that resolution of the nuclear issue with North Korea is of critical importance, however, this should not preclude United States Government officials from raising abduction cases and other critical human rights concerns in any future negotiations with the North Korean regime; (4) calls upon the United States Government not to remove the Democratic People's Republic of Korea from the Department of State's list of State Sponsors of Terrorism until such time that North Korea renounces state-sponsored kidnapping and provides a full accounting of all abduction cases; and (5) admonishes the Government of the People's Republic of China for the forced repatriation to North Korea of Han Man-taek, a South Korean prisoner-of-war and comrade-in-arms of the United States, and for its failure to exercise sovereign control over teams of North Korean agents operating freely within its borders.
A resolution expressing the sense of the Congress that the Russian Federation should fully protect the freedoms of all religious communities without distinction, whether registered and unregistered, as stipulated by the Russian Constitution and international standards.
Expresses the sense of Congress that the United States should: (1) urge the government of the Russian Federation to ensure full protection of freedoms for all religious communities and end the harassment of unregistered religious groups; (2) continue to raise concerns with the government of the Russian Federation over violations of religious freedom; and (3) urge the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief to raise with Russian Federation officials issues relating to freedom of religion.
This resolution presents a sense of Congress that the United States should urge the Russian Federation to ensure full protection of freedoms for all religious communities without distinction, whether registered and unregistered, and end the harassment of unregistered religious groups by the security apparatus and other government agencies; urge the Russian Federation to ensure that law enforcement officials vigorously investigate acts of violence against unregistered religious communities, as well as make certain that authorities are not complicit in such attacks; continue to raise concerns with the Government of the Russian Federation over violations of religious freedom, including those against unregistered religious communities, especially indigenous denominations not well known in the United States; ensure that United States Embassy officials engage local officials throughout the Russian Federation, especially when violations of freedom of religion occur, and undertake outreach activities to educate local officials about the rights of unregistered religious communities; urge both the Personal Representative of the OSCE Chair-in-Office on Combating Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination, also focusing on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians and Members of Other Religions, and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief to visit the Russian Federation and raise with federal and local officials concerns about the free practice of unregistered religious communities; and urge the Council of Europe and its member countries to raise with Russian Federation officials issues relating to freedom of religion, especially in light of the Russian Federation's responsibilities as President of the Council in 2006.
H.R.505- Prohibit Aid to Saudi Arabia Act
This bill includes the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom's finding that Saudi Arabian Government-funded textbooks used both in Saudi Arabia and also in North American Islamic schools and mosques have been found to encourage incitement to violence against non-Muslims. The bill also includes a provision requiring the President to prohibit the export to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and prohibit the issuance of a license for the export to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia of any item identified on the Commerce Control List maintained under part 774 of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations. The Commission has recommended that the U.S. government prohibit any agency or instrumentality of the government of Saudi Arabia responsible for committing particularly severe violations of religious freedom from being issued any licenses for the export of any item on the U.S. Commerce Control List.
The resolution presents a sense of Congress that the Government of Uzbekistan should accelerate democratic reforms and fulfill its human rights obligations by releasing from prison all individuals jailed for peaceful political activism or the nonviolent expression of their political or religious beliefs; and; permitting the free exercise of religious beliefs and ceasing the persecution of members of religious groups and denominations not registered with the government. Additionally, the resolution presents a sense of Congress that the President, Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense should raise at the highest levels with the Government of Uzbekistan the concern of the United States for greater respect for human rights and democratic freedoms in Uzbekistan and related conditions for United States assistance; and, ensure that United States assistance does not benefit the security forces of Uzbekistan that have been implicated in violations of human rights; and, support those individuals, nongovernmental organizations and media outlets in Uzbekistan working to establish a more open society and a transparent, democratic system of government.
The act presents findings of Congress stating that the Government of Vietnam continues to detain and imprison persons for the peaceful expression of dissenting religious and political views. The act states that, in order to receive bilateral non-humanitarian assistance, the Government of Vietnam must make substantial progress toward the following: releasing all political and religious prisoners from imprisonment; respecting the right to freedom of religion, including the right to participate in religious activities and institutions without interference by or involvement of the Government; returning estates and properties confiscated from the churches; allowing Vietnamese nationals free and open access to United States refugee programs; and respecting the human rights of members of the ethnic minority groups in the Central Highlands or elsewhere in Vietnam. The act requires that the Secretary of State submit to Congress a report on efforts by the United States government to secure transmission sites for Radio Free Asia in countries in close geographical proximity to Vietnam, and a description of the development of the rule of law in Vietnam.
on the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam to immediately
and unconditionally release Dr. Pham Hong Son and other political
prisoners and prisoners of conscience, and other purposes.
H.Res.39- Strengthening of the fight against racism, intolerance, bigotry, prejudice, discrimination, and anti-Semitism
H.Res.54-Anti-Semitism in the United Nations