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China Chapter - 2017 Annual Report

China Chapter - 2017 Annual Report

Chinese Translation

Learn more about Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, a Religious Prisoner of Conscience in China.

Learn more about Gulmira Imin, a Religious Prisoner of Conscience in China.

Key Findings

During 2016, as China’s President Xi Jinping further consolidated power, conditions for freedom of religion or belief and related human rights continued to decline. Authorities target anyone considered a threat to the state, including religious believers, human rights lawyers, and other members of civil society. In 2016, the Chinese government regularly emphasized the “sinicization” of religion and circulated revised regulations governing religion, including new penalties for activities considered “illegal” and additional crackdowns on Christian house churches. The government continued to suppress Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang, including through new regional government regulations that limit parents’ rights to include their children in religious activities. Authorities evicted thousands of monks and nuns from the Larung Gar Buddhist Institute in Tibet before demolishing their homes. The government continued to detain, imprison, and torture countless religious freedom advocates, human rights defenders, and religious believers, including highly persecuted Falun Gong practitioners. Based on China’s longstanding and continuing record of severe religious freedom violations, USCIRF again finds that China merits designation in 2017 as a “country of particular concern,” or CPC, under the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA). The State Department has designated China as a CPC since 1999, most recently in October 2016.