Comparative Study of Constitutions of OIC Countries, 2012 Update

USCIRF’s 2012 report, “The Religion-State Relationship & the Right to Freedom of Religion or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis of the Constitutions of Majority Muslim Countries and Other OIC Members,” analyzes how constitutions of countries belonging to the OIC treat issues of human rights and religious freedom. This study, which updates a study USCIRF undertook in 2005, focuses on 56 countries. The study finds that these countries, stretching from Europe to Africa through the Middle East and into Asia, encompass a variety of constitutional arrangements addressing the role of Islam and the scope of religious freedom and other related human rights. A constitution’s text is important as both a statement of fundamental law and national aspirations, and a tool for those seeking to enforce its promises.

To read the full report (with appendices), click here.

To read the report (without appendices), click here.

To read the report (without appendices) in Arabic, click here.

To read a two-page summary of the report, click here.

To read a summary of the international standards for constitutional religious freedom protections in English, click here.

To read a summary of the international standards for constitutional religious freedom protections in Arabic, click here.